verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1 1.1 (derrotar) [enemigo] to defeat, vanquish [literario/literary]; [rival/competidor] to defeat, beat no te dejes vencer don't give in 1.2 [pasiones/miedo] to overcome, conquer; [pereza/pesimismo] to overcome; [dificultad/obstáculo] to overcome, surmount no consiguieron vencer la inflación they were unable to overcome o/or beat inflation 1.3 [cansancio/sueño] me venció el sueño/el cansancio I was overcome by sleep/tiredness dejó que la pereza/la curiosidad lo venciera he allowed his laziness/his curiosity to get the better of him
verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb
- 1 [ejército/equipo] (ganar) to win, be victorious ¡venceremos! we shall overcome!, we shall be victorious!
- 2 2.1 [pasaporte] (terminar) to expire el lunes vence el plazo para la entrega de solicitudes Monday is the last day o the deadline o the closing date for the submission of applications me vence el carnet de identidad dentro de poco my identity card expires soon antes de que venza la garantía before the guarantee runs out o/or expires 2.2 [pago] to be o/or fall due; [letra] to mature, be due for payment
verbo pronominal/pronominal verb (vencerse)
- 1 [tabla/rama] to give way, break la pata de le silla se venció por el peso the leg of the chair gave way o/or broke under the weight no te apoyes, que la mesa se puede vencer don't lean on the table, it might collapse
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.