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Synonyms of epidemic in English:


  • 1 an epidemic of typhoid
    outbreak, plague, pandemic, epizootic
  • 2 an epidemic of violence in elementary schools
    spate, rash, wave, eruption, outbreak, craze;
    flood, torrent;
    upsurge, upturn, increase, growth, rise
  • adjective

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  • 1 the craze is now epidemic
    rife, rampant, widespread, wide-ranging, extensive, pervasive;
    global, universal, ubiquitous;
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    epidemic, endemic, pandemic
    A disease that quickly and severely affects a large number of people and then subsides is an epidemic: throughout the Middle Ages, successive epidemics of the plague killed millions. The word epidemic can also be an adjective: she studied the causes of epidemic cholera. A disease that is continually present in an area and affects a relatively small number of people is endemic: malaria is endemic in (or to) hot, moist climates. A pandemic is a widespread epidemic that may affect entire continents or even the world: the pandemic of 1918 ushered in a period of frequent epidemics of gradually diminishing severity. Thus, from an epidemiologist's point of view, the Black Death in Europe and AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa are pandemics rather than epidemics.
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