Definition of -able in English:

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-able

Pronunciation: /əb(ə)l/

suffix

Forming adjectives meaning:
1Able to be: calculable
2Due to be: payable
3Subject to: taxable
5Having the quality to: suitable comfortable

Origin

From French -able or Latin -abilis, adjectival endings; originally found in words only from these forms but later used to form adjectives directly from English verbs ending in -ate, e.g., educable from educate. The unrelated able has probably influenced terms such as bearable, salable.

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