Definition of Abnaki in English:


Syllabification: Ab·na·ki
Pronunciation: /abˈnakē, äbˈnä-
(also Abenaki /ˌabəˈnakē, ˌäbəˈnä-/)

noun (plural same or Abnakis)

  • 1A member of a North American Indian people of Maine on the Atlantic coast to southern Quebec.
    More example sentences
    • Also, the Abenakis and other Native American societies injected a volatile element in the economic and military relations between the competing empires.
    • The reader may well sympathize with the general, especially when Anderson puts in a reminder about William Henry but says nothing about why British soldiers at Louisbourg are getting killed by Micmacs and Abenakis… and Acadians.
    • In the east, the French supported the Abenakis, who fought against New England to preserve their land.
  • 2Either or both of two Algonquian languages, Eastern Abnaki and Western Abnaki, now nearly extinct.
    More example sentences
    • The Penobscot dialect of Eastern Abnaki is extinct.
    • Penobscot (Eastern Abnaki, Penawahpskewi, Penobscott) Language: Abnaki is an Algonquian language spoken today by only a few elders in Canada.
    • They are part of the Algonquian language family that, in Quebec, includes the Montagnais-Naskapi, Micmac, Malecite, and Abenaki.


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  • Relating to the Abnaki or their language.
    More example sentences
    • The name Eskimo was given to these people by neighboring Abnaki Indians and means ‘eaters of raw flesh.’
    • Being of Abnaki background himself, Perkins wanted to immerse himself in the forest lore.
    • Alanis Obomsawin was born on Abenaki territory in Lebanon, New Hampshire on August 31, 1932.


from French Abénaqui, from Eastern Abnaki.

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