1The capital of Greece, in the southern part of the country; population 745,500 (est. 2009). A flourishing city state in ancient Greece, it was an important cultural center in the 5th century bc. It came under Roman rule in 146 bc and fell to the Goths in ad 267. After its capture by the Turks in 1456, Athens declined to the status of a village until chosen as the capital of a newly independent Greece in 1834. Greek name Athínai.
- More example sentences
- For the ancient Athenians, Marathon was a great victory which revealed the vulnerability of the dreaded Persian empire.
- And meanwhile, Athenians are on record for being the most optimistic city dwellers in Europe.
- They like to refer to the Parthenon as the symbol of Athenian democracy.
Pronunciation: /əˈTHēnēən/adjective & noun
Definition of Athens in:
- The British & World English dictionary