( 1874–1965), British statesman; prime minister 1940–45 and 1951–55; full name Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill. A consistent opponent of appeasement during the 1930s, he replaced Neville Chamberlain as British prime minister in 1940 and led Britain throughout World War II. Notable works: The Second World War (1948–53) and A History of the English-Speaking Peoples (1956–58). Nobel Prize for Literature (1953).
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