( 1599–1658), English general and statesman; lord protector of the Commonwealth 1653–58. He was the leader of the victorious Parliamentary forces (or Roundheads) in the English Civil War. As head of state, he instituted many puritan reforms in the Church of England. He was briefly succeeded by his son Richard ( 1626–1712), who was forced into exile in 1659.
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- Nearly 7000 Irish were transported to the island during the Cromwellian period.
- Current projects include the Swan, a small Cromwellian warship, which was lost off the west of Scotland in 1653.
- Both these Kerry martyrs, executed in 1653 during the Cromwellian period, are awaiting beatification.
Definition of Cromwell, Oliver in:
- The British & World English dictionary