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- the holy city of the Jews, sacred also to Christians and Muslims, that lies in the Judaean hills about 20 miles (32 km) from the Jordan River; population 763,600 (est. 2008). From 1947, the city was divided between the states of Israel and Jordan until the Israelis occupied the whole city in June 1967 and proclaimed it the capital of Israel although it is not accepted as such by the United Nations. It is revered by Christians as the place of Christ’s death and resurrection and by Muslims as the site of the Dome of the Rock.