the name of a US family of Democratic politicians, including: John Fitzgerald (1917–63), 35th president of the US 1961–63; known as JFK. The youngest person to be elected to the presidency, he was a popular advocate of civil rights. In foreign affairs he recovered from the Bay of Pigs fiasco to demand successfully the withdrawal of Soviet missiles from Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis, October 18-29, 1962. On November 22, 1963, he was assassinated while riding in a motorcade through Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with his murder. Robert (Francis) (1925–68), US attorney general 1961–64; brother of John and Edward; known as Bobby and RFK. He closely assisted his brother John in domestic policy and was also a champion of the civil rights movement. He was assassinated during his campaign to become the 1968 Democratic presidential nominee. Edward (Moore) (1932–2009), US senator from Massachusetts 1962–2009; brother of John and Robert; known as Ted. As one of the longest serving senators in US history, he was a leading influence in the passage of much social reform legislation.