- (1632–1704), English philosopher; a founder of empiricism and political liberalism. His Two Treatises of Government (1690) argues that the authority of rulers has a human origin and is limited. In An Essay concerning Human Understanding (1690) he argued that all knowledge is derived from sense-experience.
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- Thus, he attacks Cartesian and Lockean dualism, not just the considerably less popular (in Berkeley's time) view, held by Hobbes, that only material things exist.
- The Lockean libertarian proposes that everyone's Lockean rights should be respected by everyone as inherently just and fair.
- It's an attempt to replicate liberal rule-of-law intuitions in a way that's admittedly more Kantian than Lockean but that owes very little to either Rousseau or Hegel.
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