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Manchu

Syllabification: Man·chu
Pronunciation: /ˌmanˈCHo͞o
 
/

Definition of Manchu in English:

noun (plural same or Manchus)

1A member of a people originally living in Manchuria who formed the last imperial dynasty of China (1644–1912).
Example sentences
  • The Qing dynasty was founded by Manchus, who conquered China in the 1640s.
  • The Manchus conquered China and established an imperial dynasty which ruled between 1644 and 1911.
  • That Huang, a Han Chinese, resented being ruled by a dynasty of Manchus no doubt had something to do with this opinion, as did his desire to strengthen the position of scholar-officials like himself.
2The Tungusic language of the Manchu.
Example sentences
  • He was a custodian of literature, in Manchu, Mongolian, Chinese, Tibetan and the Uigur language of Turkestan.
  • It is part of the diverse Uralic-Altaic language family, which spread with the ancient Mongol Empire and also contains Korean, Manchu, Turkish, Finnish, and Hungarian.
  • The job, translating the Bible into Manchu, would take him to St Petersburg for two years.

adjective

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Relating to the Manchu or their language.
Example sentences
  • As an ‘international concession’ as well as treaty port, its special privileges created an enclave exempt from Manchu authority.
  • It is set during the early Qing Dynasty, and Gordon Liu plays a man on the run after murderous Manchu oppressors kill his family.
  • He asked all the Hans to follow Manchu traditions, shaving their hair from the front of the head and wearing a thick plait at the back.

Origin

the name in Manchu, literally 'pure'.

Definition of Manchu in:

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