( 1832–67), Austrian emperor of Mexico 1864–67; full name Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph. The brother of Franz Josef, he became emperor of Mexico under French auspices in 1864. US pressure forced Napoleon III to withdraw his support in 1867, and Maximilian was executed by a popular uprising led by Mexico’s president Benito Juárez.
Definition of Maximilian in:
- The British & World English dictionary