1.1 Robert I (1274–1329), reigned 1306–29; known as Robert the Bruce. He campaigned against Edward I, and defeated Edward II at Bannockburn in 1314. He re-established Scotland as a separate kingdom, negotiating the Treaty of Northampton in 1328.
1.2 Robert II (1316–90), grandson of Robert the Bruce; reigned 1371–90. He was steward of Scotland from 1326 to 1371 and the first of the Stuart line.
1.3 Robert III (circa 1337–1406), son of Robert II; reigned 1390–1406; born John. An accident rendered him physically disabled, resulting in a power struggle among members of his family.