Definition of Zimbabwe in English:

Zimbabwe

Syllabification: Zim·bab·we
Pronunciation: /zimˈbäbwā, -wē
 
/
A landlocked country in southeastern Africa, separated from Zambia by the Zambezi River; population 11,392,600 (est. 2009); capital, Harare; languages, English (official), Shona, Ndebele, and others.

Formerly known as Southern Rhodesia, Zimbabwe was a self-governing British colony from 1923. In 1965, the white minority government of the colony (then called Rhodesia) issued a unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) under its prime minister, Ian Smith. Despite UN sanctions, illegal independence lasted until 1979, when the Lancaster House Agreement led to all-party elections in 1980 and black majority rule under Robert Mugabe. The country then became an independent republic and a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. In 2002, Mugabe was returned to power in a presidential election widely regarded as undemocratic: as a result Zimbabwe was suspended from the Commonwealth for twelve months, and then chose to withdraw

Origin

from Shona dzimbabwe 'walled grave', originally referring to Great Zimbabwe, a complex of stone ruins in one of the country's fertile valleys, the remains of a city at the center of a flourishing civilization in the 14th and 15th centuries.

Derivatives

Zimbabwean

Pronunciation: /-wāən, -wēən/
adjective & noun
More example sentences
  • It was a marvelous performance as they trounced the Zimbabweans.
  • She hopes she can help encourage donations towards providing 100,000 Zimbabweans with basic food and medicines.
  • In addition, increasing numbers of Zimbabweans appear to be acquiescing to the notion of one-party rule.

More definitions of Zimbabwe

Definition of Zimbabwe in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day grammarian
Pronunciation: grəˈme(ə)rēən
noun
a person who studies and writes about grammar