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absolve

Syllabification: ab·solve
Pronunciation: /əbˈzälv
 
, əbˈsälv
 
/

Definition of absolve in English:

verb

[with object]
1Set or declare (someone) free from blame, guilt, or responsibility: the pardon absolved them of any crimes
More example sentences
  • Recovering, he is absolved of his guilt by the understanding daughter.
  • At the same time, the right to free speech does not absolve us from our duty to behave responsibly.
  • Zoë, as loving in her death as she was in her life, tried to absolve her family from guilt.
Synonyms
exonerate, discharge, acquit, vindicate;
release, relieve, liberate, free, deliver, clear, exempt, let off
formal exculpate
1.1 Christian Theology Give absolution for (a sin).
Example sentences
  • In the Roman Catholic Church, it is the sacrament that absolves the sins of an individual through confession.
  • What lay chaplains cannot do is say Mass, anoint the sick, and absolve sin after confession.
  • In the Catholic tradition, absolution from sin is obtained through confession, in which the penitent confesses to a priest who then absolves the sin and administers penitence.

Origin

late Middle English: from Latin absolvere 'set free, acquit', from ab- 'from' + solvere 'loosen'.

More
  • solve from (Late Middle English):

    The early senses of solve were ‘loosen, dissolve, untie’; the source is Latin solvere ‘loosen, unfasten’. Other words sharing this base are late Middle English soluble and solution, and mid 17th century solvent. From the same Latin root come absolve (Late Middle English) ‘loosen from’; dissolve (Late Middle English) ‘loosen apart’; dissolute (Late Middle English) of loose morals; and resolve (Late Middle English) ‘thoroughly loosen’.

Words that rhyme with absolve

devolve, evolve, exsolve, involve, revolve, solve

Definition of absolve in:

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