(also Achaemenian /ˌakəˈmēnēən/)
Relating to the dynasty ruling in Persia from Cyrus I to Darius III (553–330 bc).
- Early records of trade and access to India through this outpost is found in records of the period before 530 B.C., when the Achaemenid emperor of Persia, Cyrus, crossed the Hindukush mountains.
- The Persian king Cyrus the Great overran the Medes in the mid 6th century bc, although they remained ruling partners in the Achaemenid empire he set up.
- A pilgrim, Cyrus, said that it was an honour to be named after a humanitarian Achaemenian king like Cyrus who allowed his subjects to practise their own religion.
A member of the Achaemenid dynasty.
- However, tensions between the Achaemenids and the Greeks were always in the background, and erupted into several key battles: Darius was defeated by the Greeks at Marathon in 490 bc and the same fate befell Xerxes ten years later.
- By far the most famous site under threat is Pasargadae, ancient capital of the Achaemenids in the sixth century BC and residence of Cyrus the Great, which was registered on Unesco's World Heritage List last July.
- In the 5th century bc Herodotus noted that the Achaemenids would make important decisions in a drunken state, then confirm these decisions when sober, and vice versa.
From Greek Akhaimenēs 'Achaemenes' (the reputed ancestor of the dynasty) + -id1.
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