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achondroplasia

Syllabification: a·chon·dro·pla·sia
Pronunciation: /āˌkändrəˈplāZH(ē)ə
 
/

Definition of achondroplasia in English:

noun

A hereditary condition in which the growth of long bones by ossification of cartilage is retarded, resulting in very short limbs and sometimes a face that is small in relation to the (normal-sized) skull.
Example sentences
  • This phenomenon has been described in osteogenesis imperfecta, achondroplasia and Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
  • Since achondroplasia affects mainly cartilaginous bones (arms and legs), the sitting height is normal while the standing height is short.
  • The 10-year-old is a huge sports fan and passionate Manchester City supporter but has been unable to compete in out-of-school contests in the past because of hereditary growth disorder achondroplasia.

Origin

late 19th century: from a-1 'without' + Greek khondros 'cartilage' + plasis 'molding' + -ia1.

Derivatives

achondroplastic

1
Pronunciation: /-ˈplastik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • In contrast to achondroplastic dwarfs, hypopituitary dwarfs often suffer from underlying metabolic health problems.
  • He is also part of a group studying the problems of achondroplastic children and has particular interest in cervico-medullary compression and its treatment.
  • The select committee came up with the scenario of an achondroplastic couple using preimplantation genetic diagnosis to select a child who shared their condition.

Definition of achondroplasia in:

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