Definition of afferent in English:

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afferent

Pronunciation: /ˈaf(ə)rənt/

adjective

Physiology
Conducting or conducted inward or toward something (for nerves, the central nervous system; for blood vessels, the organ supplied). The opposite of efferent.
Example sentences
  • Cough is mediated by the interaction of sensory afferent nerves, central cough reflexes, and local axon reflexes.
  • In addition, the dorsal central column of primary afferent fibers within the spinal cord appears susceptible to the inhibitory effects of hypoxia in rats.
  • Sensory systems are generally presumed to convey peripheral afferent signals to the central nervous system with a high degree of fidelity.

noun

An afferent nerve fiber or vessel.
Example sentences
  • It may also be the site of projection of proprioceptive afferents from the respiratory muscles and chest wall.
  • In addition, cholinergic afferents can be stimulated by a variety of mediators involved in allergen-induced airway inflammation.
  • Muscle receptor afferents are involved in the level and timing of respiratory activity.

Origin

Mid 19th century: from Latin afferent- 'bringing toward', from the verb afferre, from ad- 'to' + ferre 'bring'.

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