Definition of afflict in English:

afflict

Syllabification: af·flict
Pronunciation: /əˈflikt
 
/

verb

[with object]
  • 1(Of a problem or illness) cause pain or suffering to; affect or trouble: serious ills afflict the industry his younger child was afflicted with a skin disease (as plural noun the afflicted) he comforted the afflicted
    More example sentences
    • When we are afflicted with such illnesses, we expect to recover quickly and fully.
    • This will remove the problems afflicting society, particularly those affecting the working class majority.
    • Companies have made great advances in tackling health problems afflicting dancers, but those could be lost if proper practices are not maintained at all levels of the profession, he said.
    Synonyms
    trouble, burden, distress, cause suffering to, beset, harass, worry, oppress; torment, pester, plague, blight, bedevil, rack, smite, curse
    archaic ail
  • 1.1 Astrology (Of a celestial body) be in a stressful aspect with (another celestial body or a point on the ecliptic): Jupiter is afflicted by Mars in opposition
    More example sentences
    • But if that path is afflicted, the astrologer can suggest alternatives.
    • It is cadent from the Ascendant and afflicted by a square to Saturn.
    • Saturn, the Greater Malefic and ruler of the 8th house, is stronger than the victim's significator, the Moon, and afflicts the 11 th house of hopes and dreams.

Derivatives

afflictive

adjective
( • archaic )
More example sentences
  • And through fine moments of awareness, it is possible to not let afflictive emotions like anger evolve as a chain reaction that leads to the wish to harm.
  • The passion for setting people right is in itself an afflictive disease.
  • And if they destroy your inner well-being and then also that of others, then we call them either negative, or afflictive, or obscuring, or destructive.

Origin

late Middle English (in the sense 'deject, humiliate'): from Latin afflictare 'injure, harass', or from afflict- 'knocked down, weakened': both from the verb affligere, from ad- 'to' + fligere 'to strike, dash'.

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