Definition of alizarin in English:


Syllabification: a·liz·a·rin
Pronunciation: /əˈlizərin


  • 1A red pigment present in madder root, used in dyeing.
    • Alternative name: 1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone; chemical formula: C14H8O4
    More example sentences
    • Indigo is now derived from naphthalene, and anthracene yields alizarin, the dye formerly obtained from madder root.
    • The synthesis of alizarin stands as a landmark in molecule making for two reasons.
    • Red lakes made from synthetic alizarin became common alongside the lakes derived from natural madder dyes.
  • 1.1 [as modifier] Denoting dyes derived from or similar to alizarin: alizarin crimson
    More example sentences
    • These works combined several shades of white paint in built-up layers of greasy petal-like strokes that were punctuated with dots of ultramarine or alizarin crimson.
    • His palette drew from nature: heavy, dense ochers, browns, taupes and alizarin crimson.
    • The left side of this work is mysterious, with black marks floating on a field of alizarin crimson.


mid 19th century: from French alizarine, from alizari 'madder', from Arabic al-῾iṣāra 'pressed juice', from ῾aṣara 'to press fruit'.

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