noun (plural anchovy)
A small shoaling fish of commercial importance as a food fish and as bait. It is strongly flavored and is usually preserved in salt and oil.
- Genus Engraulis, family Engraulidae: several species, including E. encrasicolus of European waters.
- Barracuda eat squid and small fish such as sardines, anchovies, young mackerels and grunions.
- Adult halibut prefer a diet of small fish such as anchovies, sardines, and white croaker.
- Groups such as silversides, herrings and anchovies often congregate in feeding shoals numbering in the millions.
Late 16th century: from Spanish and Portuguese anchova, of unknown origin.
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