Definition of aniline in English:

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aniline

Pronunciation: /ˈanələn/

noun

Chemistry
A colorless oily liquid present in coal tar. It is used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, and plastics, and was the basis of the earliest synthetic dyes.
  • Chemical formula: C6H5NH2.
Example sentences
  • Phenol can be produced from aniline by reacting aniline with a mixture of sodium nitrite and hydrochloric acid to give benzene diazonium chloride, that when heated gently, gives off nitrogen to leave phenol.
  • Other uses of aniline include the manufacture of rubber processing chemicals and the production of agrochemicals and dyestuffs.
  • He cited examples of two key raw materials namely phenol and aniline, which are required to manufacture leather chemicals, pigments, dyestuff and rubber chemicals.

Origin

Mid 19th century: from anil 'indigo' (from which it was originally obtained), via French and Portuguese from Arabic an-nīl (from Sanskrit nīlī, from nīla 'dark blue').

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: an·i·line

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