- 1A thing or event that existed before or logically precedes another: some antecedents to the African novel might exist in Africa’s oral traditionsMore example sentences
- It traces the historical antecedents to freed people's intense desire to become literate and demonstrates how the visions of enslaved African Americans emerged into plans and action once slavery ended.
- There are literary and historical antecedents to this book, too.
- Pundits have searched for literary antecedents to this creature.
- 1.1 (antecedents) A person’s ancestors or family and social background: her early life and antecedents have been tracedMore example sentences
- The powerful Colonna family, whose antecedents included Pope Martin V, had become titular rulers of Caravaggio's native Duchy of Milan, and showed a solicitous concern for his welfare on several occasions.
- Way back when old India included Pakistan there was a family called Ramsinghani with antecedents in Lahore and Karachi and since the British could not pronounce their name properly the alternative Ramsay was adopted.
- And there are several new independents whose backgrounds and antecedents will surely make them amenable to a little persuasion.
- 1.2 Grammar A word, phrase, clause, or sentence to which another word (especially a following relative pronoun) refers.More example sentences
- Plural pronouns with nominally singular antecedents like ‘everyone’ have been a major battlefield in the grammar wars.
- Because they are free of antecedents, such clauses are sometimes called independent or free relative clauses.
- He thinks the word ‘everyone’ is singular, so it can't be the antecedent of a third person plural pronoun like ‘they’ or ‘their’.
- 1.3 Logic The statement contained in the “if” clause of a conditional proposition.More example sentences
- Obedience to a hypothetical imperative is always obedience to the condition expressed in its antecedent.
- If the antecedent of a conditional is false, the statement is always true!
- ‘If lying is wrong, then he will lie,’ has an antecedent whose embedded content is the same as a statement predicating the property on which the speakers moral disapproval supervenes.
- 1.4 Mathematics The first term in a ratio.More example sentences
- When there is but one antecedent and one consequent, the ratio is called a simple ratio.
- Alternate ratio means taking the antecedent in relation to the antecedent and the consequent in relation to the consequent.
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- 1Preceding in time or order; previous or preexisting: the antecedent events that prompt you to break a dietMore example sentences
- Hawthorne's text is studiously inscrutable about events antecedent to Hester's being branded adulteress.
- Behaviors are directed by the antecedent stimuli that preceded them and announce the availability of a positive or negative consequence.
- And much will depend, in this case, on all of the conditions antecedent to the initiation of combat.
- 1.1Denoting a grammatical antecedent.More example sentences
- There seem to be two changes: a loosening of the link backward to an antecedent noun phrase, and a loosening of the link forward to a modified noun phrase.
- The phenomenon is particularly interesting because the conditions under which complement anaphora (as this case of anaphora is called) is acceptable depend on formal properties of the antecedent determiner.
- What I mean is that if we look at the antecedent clause of the conditional, then it is empty - there is nothing that it corresponds to!
- More example sentences
- Now Afro-Americans, frustrated in their search for antecedence in their African line, might turn to their Scottish roots.
- Unlike surrounding leaves, these pages - heavily edited, faded, some with frayed edges - were typed with a black ribbon, a telltale sign of antecedence.
- This has a long antecedence, and the book reviews some of the historical and theoretical literature on the nature of law, including some Marxist sources.
late Middle English: from Old French or from Latin antecedent- 'going before', from antecedere, from ante 'before' + cedere 'go'.