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antimony

Syllabification: an·ti·mo·ny
Pronunciation: /ˈan(t)əˌmōnē
 
/

Definition of antimony in English:

noun

The chemical element of atomic number 51, a brittle silvery-white metalloid. (Symbol: Sb)

Antimony was known from ancient times; the naturally occurring black sulfide was used as the cosmetic kohl. The element is used in alloys, usually with lead, such as pewter, type-metal, and Britannia metal

Example sentences
  • There are seven metalloids: boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, selenium, antimony, and tellurium.
  • Beryllium, calcium, silver and antimony have no appreciable effect on mechanical properties.
  • The most important of these are antimony, phosphorus, tin, and arsenic, with manganese and silicon having a small effect.

Origin

late Middle English (denoting stibnite, the most common ore of the metal): from medieval Latin antimonium, of unknown origin. The current sense dates from the early 19th century.

Derivatives

antimonial

1
Pronunciation: /ˌantəˈmōnēəl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • These batteries consist of a series of grid plates made from either cast or wrought calcium lead or antimonial lead that is pasted with a mixture of lead oxides and immersed in sulfuric acid.
  • The antimonial agent used in the United States is sodium stibogluconate (Pentostam).
  • Concerns about treatment failure for visceral leishmaniasis are exacerbated by geographical variations in antimonial treatment regimens, severity of disease, and sensitivity of Leishmania species.

antimonic

2
Pronunciation: /ˌantəˈmänik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • However, antimonic acid available by the conventional method is in the form of particulates.
  • Proton conductive antimonic acids, fine powders and films were prepared by soft chemical processing such as ion-exchanged reaction, sol-gel processing and autoclave reaction.
  • The applicability of granular cubic antimonic acid (C-SbA) as column packing material in chromatographic lithium isotope separation was investigated.

antimonious

3
Pronunciation: /ˌantəˈmōnēəs/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The 5-foot draft wing keel is antimonious lead and fastened to the structural grid network with stainless bolts.
  • The stannic and antimonious heat stabilizers which are very widely used at the present time, because of their efficiency, are very strongly recommended for a preferred embodiment of the invention.
  • Once motor vehicle wheel weights are no longer made of antimonious lead, the lead hazard in urban streets will subside.

Words that rhyme with antimony

ceremonyparsimony

Definition of antimony in:

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