Definition of archaeology in English:

Share this entry


Pronunciation: /ˌärkēˈäləjē/
(also archeology)


The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.
Example sentences
  • Jaromir Malek studied Egyptology and archaeology at Charles University, Prague.
  • I am not a professional archaeologist, but a member of the public with an interest in archaeology and history.
  • The awkward relationship between archaeology and history is an old problem.


Early 17th century (in the sense 'ancient history'): from modern Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia 'ancient history', from arkhaios 'ancient' (see archaeo-). The current sense dates from the mid 19th century.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ar·chae·ol·o·gy

Share this entry

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.