Definition of archaeology in English:

archaeology

Syllabification: ar·chae·ol·o·gy
Pronunciation: /ˌärkēˈäləjē
 
/
(also archeology)

noun

The study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains.
More example sentences
  • Jaromir Malek studied Egyptology and archaeology at Charles University, Prague.
  • I am not a professional archaeologist, but a member of the public with an interest in archaeology and history.
  • The awkward relationship between archaeology and history is an old problem.

Origin

early 17th century (in the sense 'ancient history'): from modern Latin archaeologia, from Greek arkhaiologia 'ancient history', from arkhaios 'ancient' (see archaeo-). The current sense dates from the mid 19th century.

Derivatives

archaeologic

Pronunciation: /-əˈläjik/
adjective
More example sentences
  • According to the archaeologic context and surrounding findings, the mummy could be dated to a period between 1000 and 700 Bc.
  • The mounting archeologic information led to the compelling hypothesis that tuberculosis began in the Neolithic period, when the causative microbes spread from wild buffalo to the humans who succeeded in domesticating them.
  • I see mobile images as a living archeologic anthropology.

archaeological

Pronunciation: /-əˈläjikəl/
adjective
More example sentences
  • One example that may well become very relevant in the next year or two is how we control archaeological excavations.
  • Silbury is covered with scars, many the result of archaeological and antiquarian excavations.
  • These questions can only be answered through the careful archaeological excavation of the site.

archaeologically

adverb
More example sentences
  • The incoming Germanic peoples were pagans and are most visible archaeologically by their distinctive burials and the grave goods that accompanied their dead into the afterlife.
  • Settlements were often small, represented archaeologically by stone scatters and traces of a tented encampment.
  • The picture emerging for the corn hill sites is generally consistent with the suggested historic affiliations, though this can hardly be considered to have been adequately explored archaeologically.

archaeologist

noun
More example sentences
  • Many museums have archaeologists and will have archaeological material on display.
  • Although I am a Palaeolithic archaeologist now, my interests were largely Roman at the time.
  • In 1888, the British archeologist W.M. Flinders Petrie discovered a major Roman-period cemetery with many mummy portraits at Hawara, the necropolis of Arsinoe.

Definition of archaeology in:

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