Definition of archon in English:

archon

Syllabification: ar·chon
Pronunciation: /ˈärˌkän
 
/

noun

  • 1Each of the nine chief magistrates in ancient Athens.
    More example sentences
    • At the beginning of every year, dramatists submitted their plays to the archon, or chief magistrate.
    • He writes, ‘the meaning of ‘archive,’ its only meaning, comes to it from the Greek arkheion: initially a house, a domicile, an address, the residence of the superior magistrates, the archons, those who commanded’ .
    • Interestingly, Meritt initially raised 412/1 as a possibility, restoring Kallias as the archon, an individual whose demotic matched that preserved on fragment 1, Skambonides.
  • 1.1Any ruler: rock’s archons are disc jockeys and concert promoters
    More example sentences
    • He is an archon of war and aggression, and there is no denying his terrible influence at this time in history.

Derivatives

archonship

noun
More example sentences
  • In addition, anyone convicted of dishonouring his parents could be struck off the citizen-lists and was considered automatically disqualified from an archonship, or from the right to address the people.
  • This took place in the archonship of Hegesias, five years after the first establishment of his rule.
  • After the war, Aristides was instrumental in making the archonships open to all male citizens.

Origin

late 16th century: from Greek arkhōn 'ruler', noun use of the present participle of arkhein 'to rule'.

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