Definition of arginine in English:

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arginine

Pronunciation: /ˈärjəˌnēn/ /-ˌnīn/

noun

Biochemistry
A basic amino acid that is a constituent of most proteins. It is an essential nutrient in the diet of vertebrates.
  • Chemical formula: HN=C(NH2)NH(CH2)3CH(NH2)COOH.
Example sentences
  • Guanidoacetate itself is formed in the kidney from the amino acids arginine and glycine.
  • The amino acids arginine and leucine are noncarbohydrate inducers of insulin.
  • The conditionally essential amino acid arginine has also been added to this formula to help support growth factor production.

Origin

Late 19th century: from German Arginin, perhaps from Greek arginoeis 'bright-shining, white'.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ar·gi·nine

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