Definition of artichoke in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈärdəˌCHōk/


Image of artichoke
1 (also globe artichoke) A European plant cultivated for its large thistlelike flower heads.
  • Cynara scolymus, family Compositae
Example sentences
  • Other attractive vegetables that work well in a flower garden include tall frondy fennel, the magnificent globe artichoke and nasturtiums for ground cover.
  • But there are also edible species of biennial, including carrots, parsley, parsnips and globe artichoke or cardoon.
  • They are psyllium, taurine, dandelion, St Mary's Thistle, globe artichoke and slippery elm bark, which have liver protective, restorative properties.
1.1The unopened flower head of this, of which the heart and the fleshy bases of the bracts are edible.
Example sentences
  • Unlike their larger siblings, whose higher placement on the stalk exposes them to the sun, baby artichokes are rendered entirely edible with just a little trimming.
  • We ordered the white asparagus and morel soufflé in a globe artichoke with truffle beurre blanc.
  • It's what remained after I had enjoyed a particularly good globe artichoke.
2 see Jerusalem artichoke.
Example sentences
  • Some of the best liver-supporting foods are beetroot, carrots, onions, garlic, green leafy vegetables, artichokes and lemons.
  • It would be fantastic with cavalo nero, white beans and raw artichokes.
  • Certain foods such as kidney beans and artichokes cause an overproduction of bacteria in the stomach, which can in turn lead to excessive flatulence.


Mid 16th century: from northern Italian articiocco, from Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-ḵaršūfa.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: ar·ti·choke

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