Definition of aspirate in English:

aspirate

Syllabification: as·pi·rate

verb

Pronunciation: /ˈaspəˌrāt
 
/
[with object]
  • 1 (often as adjective aspirated) Phonetics Pronounce (a sound) with an exhalation of breath: the aspirated allophone of p occurs in “pie.”
    More example sentences
    • If there is a substantial lag between the release of the closure of a stop or the end of the frication of an affricate, and the onset of voicing in the vowel, it is said to be aspirated.
    • Mandarin Chinese has just two series of stops and affricates, one aspirated, the other unaspirated.
    • ‘I've said it once and I'll say it again,’ one of them aspirates huffily.
  • 1.1 [no object] Pronounce the sound h at the beginning of a word.
  • 2 Medicine Draw (fluid) by suction from a vessel or cavity.
    More example sentences
    • Fresh blood was aspirated from the nasogastric tube.
    • Fluid is easily aspirated when the needle is properly positioned.
    • The fluid was aspirated by immediate gentle hand suction applied to the instilling syringe after each instillation.
  • 2.1Breathe (something) in; inhale: some drowning victims don’t aspirate any water
    More example sentences
    • Many foods can be dangerous for small children since they can aspirate the items, which will result in blockage of the breathing passages.
    • By this time he had started to cough and was aspirating fluids.
    • Blood should be cultured from all patients who have aspirated water.
  • 3 (usually as adjective aspirated) Provide (an internal combustion engine) with air: the superchargers produce twice the power of standard aspirated engines See also normally aspirated.
    More example sentences
    • The use of a homogenous intake charge lessens the chance of detonation, making it possible to run higher compression ratios on both naturally aspirated and turbocharged engines.
    • The new generation produces about the same horsepower, naturally aspirated, as the old turbocharged engine.
    • Versions of the engine will be both naturally aspirated and turbocharged and applications will include front-, rear- and all-wheel-drive, as well as hybrid vehicles.

noun

Pronunciation: /ˈasp(ə)rit
 
/
Back to top  
  • 1 Phonetics An aspirated consonant.
    More example sentences
    • They can't seem to handle hard aspirates at all, and sibilants are difficult for them.
    • In fact, air flow continues at a very high rate for a very long time in these sounds relative to aspirates.
  • 1.1The sound h or a character used to represent this sound.
    More example sentences
    • He was a ‘sobber,’ and many of his phrases are broken or studded with unnecessary (but very emotional!) aspirates.
  • 2 Medicine Matter that has been drawn from the body by aspiration: gastric aspirate esophageal aspirates
    More example sentences
    • Bronchial aspirate were obtained by aseptic technique using a sterile suction catheter each time.
    • Iron staining of the bone marrow aspirate revealed increased storage iron.
    • To confirm a suspected second relapse, a bone marrow aspirate and core biopsy were performed.

adjective

Pronunciation: /ˈasp(ə)rit
 
/
Phonetics , • rare Back to top  
  • (Of a sound) pronounced with an exhalation of breath; aspirated.
    More example sentences
    • For instance, aspirated consonants are written with a small superscript h after the symbol for the corresponding unaspirated consonant.
    • Alongside the general schema for a syllable-onset consonant, however, there exist more specific schemas concerning individual sounds (such as p), classes of sounds (the aspirated stops), and so on.
    • So let's practice distinguishing ejective from aspirated stops, okay class?

Origin

mid 16th century (as an adjective): from Latin aspiratus 'breathed', past participle of aspirare (see aspire).

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