Share this entry

Share this page

aspirate

Syllabification: as·pi·rate

Definition of aspirate in English:

verb

Pronunciation: /ˈaspəˌrāt
 
/
[with object]
1 (often as adjective aspirated) Phonetics Pronounce (a sound) with an exhalation of breath: the aspirated allophone of p occurs in “pie.”
More example sentences
  • If there is a substantial lag between the release of the closure of a stop or the end of the frication of an affricate, and the onset of voicing in the vowel, it is said to be aspirated.
  • Mandarin Chinese has just two series of stops and affricates, one aspirated, the other unaspirated.
  • ‘I've said it once and I'll say it again,’ one of them aspirates huffily.
1.1 [no object] Pronounce the sound h at the beginning of a word.
2 Medicine Draw (fluid) by suction from a vessel or cavity.
Example sentences
  • Fresh blood was aspirated from the nasogastric tube.
  • Fluid is easily aspirated when the needle is properly positioned.
  • The fluid was aspirated by immediate gentle hand suction applied to the instilling syringe after each instillation.
2.1Breathe (something) in; inhale: some drowning victims don’t aspirate any water
More example sentences
  • Many foods can be dangerous for small children since they can aspirate the items, which will result in blockage of the breathing passages.
  • By this time he had started to cough and was aspirating fluids.
  • Blood should be cultured from all patients who have aspirated water.
3 (usually as adjective aspirated) Provide (an internal combustion engine) with air: the superchargers produce twice the power of standard aspirated engines See also normally aspirated.
More example sentences
  • The use of a homogenous intake charge lessens the chance of detonation, making it possible to run higher compression ratios on both naturally aspirated and turbocharged engines.
  • The new generation produces about the same horsepower, naturally aspirated, as the old turbocharged engine.
  • Versions of the engine will be both naturally aspirated and turbocharged and applications will include front-, rear- and all-wheel-drive, as well as hybrid vehicles.

noun

Pronunciation: /ˈasp(ə)rət
 
/
Back to top  
1 Phonetics An aspirated consonant.
Example sentences
  • They can't seem to handle hard aspirates at all, and sibilants are difficult for them.
  • In fact, air flow continues at a very high rate for a very long time in these sounds relative to aspirates.
1.1The sound h or a character used to represent this sound.
Example sentences
  • He was a ‘sobber,’ and many of his phrases are broken or studded with unnecessary (but very emotional!) aspirates.
2 Medicine Matter that has been drawn from the body by aspiration: gastric aspirate esophageal aspirates
More example sentences
  • Bronchial aspirate were obtained by aseptic technique using a sterile suction catheter each time.
  • Iron staining of the bone marrow aspirate revealed increased storage iron.
  • To confirm a suspected second relapse, a bone marrow aspirate and core biopsy were performed.

adjective

Pronunciation: /ˈasp(ə)rət
 
/
Phonetics , rare Back to top  
(Of a sound) pronounced with an exhalation of breath; aspirated.
Example sentences
  • For instance, aspirated consonants are written with a small superscript h after the symbol for the corresponding unaspirated consonant.
  • Alongside the general schema for a syllable-onset consonant, however, there exist more specific schemas concerning individual sounds (such as p), classes of sounds (the aspirated stops), and so on.
  • So let's practice distinguishing ejective from aspirated stops, okay class?

Origin

mid 16th century (as an adjective): from Latin aspiratus 'breathed', past participle of aspirare (see aspire).

Words that rhyme with aspirate

defenestrateadministrate

Definition of aspirate in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day terpsichorean
Pronunciation: ˌtərpsikəˈrēən
adjective
of or relating to dancing