Definition of axon in English:

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axon

Pronunciation: /ˈakˌsän/

noun

The long threadlike part of a nerve cell along which impulses are conducted from the cell body to other cells.
Example sentences
  • In contrast to the innervation of the proximal esophagus, axons from vagal neurons synapse within ganglia of the myenteric plexus.
  • The nerve fibres in the optic tract (the axons of retinal ganglion cells) terminate in two main areas of the brain.
  • Neurites are the long projections of nerve cell bodies called axons and dendrites.

Derivatives

axonal

Pronunciation: /ˈaksənl/ /akˈsänl/
adjective
Example sentences
  • It is also possible, however, that direct compression of axons may induce axonal damage independent of Schwann cell dysfunction.
  • None of the cases had strongly beta-APP-immunoreactive beaded or swollen axonal segments indicative of axonal damage.
  • The viral capsid is transported to the dorsal root ganglion in neurons via retrograde axonal flow.

Origin

Mid 19th century (denoting the body axis): from Greek axōn 'axis'.

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