Definition of bacteriorhodopsin in English:

bacteriorhodopsin

Syllabification: bac·te·ri·o·rho·dop·sin
Pronunciation: /bakˌti(ə)rēō-rōˈdäpsin
 
/

noun

  • A protein pigment in the bacterium Halobacterium halobium that when illuminated transports protons across the cytoplasmic membrane in large numbers.
    More example sentences
    • Internal structural water molecules seem to play an important role in proton conduction in membrane proteins like bacteriorhodopsin, the photosynthetic reaction center, and cytochrome-c oxydases.
    • The integral membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin acts as a light-driven proton pump in the purple membrane of Halobacterium salinarum.
    • The membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin, a light-driven proton pump, is a very suitable protein to study proton transfer.

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