There are 2 definitions of bank in English:

bank1

Syllabification: bank
Pronunciation: /baNGk
 
/

noun

1The land alongside or sloping down to a river or lake: willows lined the bank
More example sentences
  • These figures for the most part do not include freshwater wetlands along the shores of lakes, banks of rivers, in estuaries and along the marine coasts.
  • Lighting effects have been put up in trees and rafts lie alongside the banks of the lake suggesting that fireworks could be launched from the water's surface.
  • Ahead of me a row of pollarded willows lines the bank of the stream, beyond which the ground slopes gently upwards towards leafless woodland, appearing sombre grey.
Synonyms
edge, side, shore, coast, embankment, bankside, levee, border, verge, boundary, margin, rim, fringe
literary marge, skirt
2A slope, mass, or mound of a particular substance: a bank of clouds a bank of snow
More example sentences
  • The shop occupies a prominent and elevated position on a grassy bank next to the Market Cross.
  • As we begin our descent I am able to catch a glimpse of a magnificent peak penetrating the cloud bank near Portland.
  • Hedgerows with grassy banks can shelter primroses, orchids and other wildflowers.
Synonyms
slope, rise, incline, gradient, ramp; mound, ridge, hillock, hummock, knoll; bar, reef, shoal, shelf; accumulation, pile, heap, mass, drift
2.1An elevation in the seabed or a riverbed; a mudbank or sandbank.
More example sentences
  • It is a great sight, with ant-like streams pouring across long pontoons over the river's shallow sandy banks to innumerable craft moored midstream.
  • This is definitely so for small juvenile fish, but the bigger adults prefer a mix of clean and broken ground, often seeking out gravel banks and sandbanks adjacent to much rougher ground.
  • At the mouth the shallow banks of the creek slanted sharply down around a large, flat boulder protruding from the lake, creating a miniature canyon of mud.
2.2A transverse slope given to a road, railroad, or sports track to enable vehicles or runners to maintain speed around a curve.
More example sentences
  • Sometimes, as we rode the bank of a curve, the wheels became slightly airborne, momentarily escaping the pull of gravity.
  • So we need a good baseline setup for a great car for the weekend because it is a pretty flat track, and the bank doesn't help the car turn.
  • I learned firsthand how these Olympic competitors use the steep banks to reach top speed.
2.3The sideways tilt of an aircraft when turning in flight: flying with small amounts of bank
More example sentences
  • Back-stick pressure must also be released as bank decreases or the aircraft will climb.
  • He indicated that the angle of bank decreased periodically, but that the aircraft was always in a right wing-low attitude.
  • As we cruise by the water bird colony at 300 feet, I roll the aircraft into a rather steep angle of bank.
3A set or series of similar things, especially electrical or electronic devices, grouped together in rows: the DJ had big banks of lights and speakers on either side of his console
More example sentences
  • Check for sources of electromagnetic interference such as banks of modems on web servers.
  • It consisted of a bank of electronic tone generators and an associated array of processing devices that regulated the nature of the sounds.
  • In that grey box you see by the railroad crossing lights there is a bank of batteries.
Synonyms
array, row, line, tier, group, series
3.1A tier of oars: the early ships had only twenty-five oars in each bank
More example sentences
  • The starboard banks of oars dipped hard into the water, and the trading ship swung abruptly to the left and slowly glided to the dock.
  • The standard galley or galere ordinaire, had twenty-six banks of oars per side, with five men at each oar.
  • If there were 100 oars per bank, that would have required 15000 oarsmen.
4The cushion of a pool table: [as modifier]: a bank shot
More example sentences
  • I can only stop the cue ball and take a chance on the bank shot.
  • His surprise victory was completed with a well-taken length of the table bank shot on the 8 ball.
  • I have been known to go to my bank shots when I am not seeing the cut shots.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Heap (a substance) into a mass or mound: the rain banked the soil up behind the gate snow was banked in humps at the roadside
More example sentences
  • In places, snow was banked up more than 3m either side of the road.
  • The muck was banked up so high in places that we couldn’t rescue some of the horses until the doors had been removed from their hinges.
  • In Europe, particularly France, Germany, and Belgium, they cultivate a white asparagus by gradually banking the soil over the shoots as they grow.
Synonyms
pile (up), heap (up), stack (up); accumulate, amass, assemble, put together
1.1 [no object] Rise or form into a mass or mound: purple clouds banked up over the hills
More example sentences
  • When the traffic banked up and a driver braked, car wheels could get hooked up in the ruts.
  • He said there had been several instances where traffic had banked up after objects were placed on the city's train tracks.
  • The cottage was quiet, almost buried in the drifts banked up against the walls.
1.2Heap (a fire) with tightly packed fuel so that it burns slowly: she could have made a fire and banked it with dirt
More example sentences
  • Back in my room, I banked up the fire until I had a roaring blaze going.
  • They'd stoked and banked the fire for the night, drawn the purple drapes, and put a hot bedpan in between her sheets to warm it ready for her.
  • Greg, who was the only one who knew how to do it properly, had been banking the fire every night so they would have embers to start the morning's fire with.
1.3Edge or surround with a ridge or row of something: steps banked with pots of chrysanthemums
More example sentences
  • In summer, umbrella-topped tables line a terrace banked with flowers, creating a romantic spot for dinner under the stars.
  • This addition can be as simple as a wall spigot dripping musically into a trough banked with pots of bright flowers.
  • ‘Let's have a seat shall we,’ the two walked over to some chairs that were banked along the wall and sat down.
2(Of an aircraft or vehicle) tilt or cause to tilt sideways in making a turn: [no object]: the plane banked as if to return to the airport [with object]: I banked the aircraft steeply and turned
More example sentences
  • Everyone was soon out and with a nod, a very cool nod, the pilot banked the aircraft sideways and downwards away from the wall and roared off up the gorge.
  • As the aircraft continued to bank to about 80 deg, ground contact became more positive and the left wing started to buckle.
  • Afraid the soldiers had seen the package, Ian ducked down instinctively, but the aircraft banked steeply and slid down into the valley.
Synonyms
tilt, lean, tip, slant, incline, angle, slope, list, camber, pitch, dip, cant
2.1 [no object] Build (a road, railroad, or sports track) higher at the outer edge of a bend to facilitate fast cornering.
More example sentences
  • Since the tracks are banked, the advantage usually goes to the driver on the inside - the outside car is more vulnerable.
  • It really all depends on what you're wanting to do and how banked the track is.
  • It cost £3.5m to build and adjoins the Sportcity indoor facility which boasts a four-lane, banked 200m track.
3North American (In pool and other games) play (a ball) so that it rebounds off a surface such as a backboard or cushion.
More example sentences
  • I've reverse banked many an eight ball to give my opponent a ‘hopeless’ feeling.
  • You can shoot the safe by banking the 7-ball to the center of the rail, but the better choice is not to let your opponent shoot at all.
  • He banks the seven just to show off.

Origin

Middle English: from Old Norse bakki, of Germanic origin; related to bench. The senses 'set of similar things in sloping rows' and 'tier of oars' are from French banc, of the same ultimate origin.

Definition of bank in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day nous
Pronunciation: no͞os
noun
the mind or intellect

There are 2 definitions of bank in English:

bank2

Syllabification: bank
Pronunciation: /baNGk
 
/

noun

1A financial establishment that invests money deposited by customers, pays it out when required, makes loans at interest, and exchanges currency: I paid the money straight into my bank
More example sentences
  • That begs the question as to whether our money would be safer under the mattress or in a bank deposit account than invested in shares, unit trusts or pension schemes.
  • We've regularly - almost religiously - deposited money into our bank savings account.
  • My current bank deposit account interest rate has just been cut again.
Synonyms
1.1A stock of something available for use when required: a blood bank building a bank of test items is the responsibility of teachers
More example sentences
  • There is a bank of volunteer drivers available although many groups prefer to use their own.
  • The organization now has an image bank of stock images that clients can view and contact the photographers.
  • That is a good idea, and Work and Income is ensuring that its job bank is available across the country and provides a wider range of information.
Synonyms
1.2A site or receptacle where something may be stored: the computer’s memory bank
More example sentences
  • With two pawns safely in the bank, the rest should only be a matter of technique - something Svidler has in abundance.
  • Here in Montreal, pretty much all the museums rent out work, and the Canadian Government actually has an art lending bank.
1.3 (the bank) The store of money or tokens held by the banker in some gambling or board games.
More example sentences
  • If everyone has played and there is money in the bank, the banker deals a new hand in the opposite direction from the hand that has just ended.
  • The bank can also change hands after any hand if the existing banker wishes to sell the bank to another player at a mutually agreed price.
1.4The person holding the store of money or tokens in a game; the banker.
More example sentences
  • Here the bank would take half the money that had been staked on the paired cards.
  • Additionally, you can only be the banker for one hand, after which the bank reverts to the dealer for the next hand.
  • Agreed, Mark, they do charge a five percent commission when you bet the bank hand in baccarat, but only when you win.
1.5British A site or receptacle where something may be deposited for recycling: a paper bank
More example sentences
  • Christmas cards should not be put in recycling boxes or paper banks.
  • People can dispose of it in a paper bank or household recycling centres.
  • To find out more, or for details of your nearest bottle or paper banks, contact the city council's special recycling helpline on 01904 636000.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
1Deposit (money or valuables) in a bank: I banked the check
More example sentences
  • You filled in various documents of a minor nature, banked money and signed cheques.
  • The only problem is, normal economic dealings use high-powered supercomputers and economic analysts to make sure that the money is banked correctly.
  • Rather we mean those who spend the morning banking their dividend cheques and the afternoon at the gym, on the tennis court or at the club.
Synonyms
deposit, pay in, invest, lay away
1.1 [no object] Have an account at a particular bank: he did not bank with the old family banks
More example sentences
  • Mr Gibson also checked Bryant family accounts at Lismore after I mentioned that my father banked with the ANZ.
  • We regret very deeply the anxiety it will cause a large number of patients who have banked with us.
  • Lance Armstrong has the friendship of the President of the United States, an adoring, bright-eyed family and millions banked with Chase Manhattan.
1.2 informal (Especially of a competitor in a game or race) win or earn (a sum of money): he banked $100,000 for a hole-in-one
More example sentences
  • A candidate who can bank those sums is not only a threat to win, but a threat to disrupt the rules by which campaigns are run, paid for, and won.
  • They moved to Nevada, built a beautiful new dream home, which they paid off completely, and still banked a hefty sum after taxes.
  • Nigel thankfully revealed a year later that had he cooled his affair with Baltimore and had banked some ‘significant gains’.
1.3Store (something, especially blood, tissue, or sperm) for future use: the sperm is banked or held in storage for the following spring
More example sentences
  • Trevor, 42, an engineer, banked the sperm in 1979, at the age of 17.
  • It would also help men too ill to bank sperm before chemotherapy.
  • Previously banked cord blood samples were identified for both patients, however were too small to be used.

Origin

late 15th century (originally denoting a money dealer's table): from French banque or Italian banca, from medieval Latin banca, bancus, of Germanic origin; related to bank1 and bench.

Phrases

break the bank

(In gambling) win more money than is held by the bank.
More example sentences
  • He breaks the bank, but when he offers Paulina the money to buy off the marquis, she is ashamed and hurls it back at him in disgust.
  • On the drive home, I kept chuckling and whistling, ‘He's the man who broke the bank at Monte Carlo’!
[usually with negative] informal Cost more than one can afford: Christmas need not break the bank
More example sentences
  • Four important players were making next to nothing, allowing the team to win without breaking the bank.
  • The cost of fitted shelves and units can break the bank.
  • You could still afford an exclusive bridal service without breaking the bank!

Phrasal verbs

bank on

Base one’s hopes or confidence on: they can bank on my winning 25 games next year
More example sentences
  • The company is banking on competing with Cisco based on its laser-beam focus on the cable market.
  • China is also hoping to bank on the region's proximity to Japan and Korea.
  • Shoutmail is banking on convenience and ease of use to expand its user base and to attract advertisers in the process.
Synonyms
rely on, depend on, count on, place reliance on, bargain on, plan on; anticipate, expect; be confident of, be sure of, pin one's hopes/faith on, figure on

Definition of bank in: