Definition of banyan in English:

banyan

Syllabification: ban·yan
Pronunciation: /ˈbanyən
 
/
(also banian)

noun

(also banyan tree)
  • An Indian fig tree whose branches produce aerial roots that later become accessory trunks. A mature tree may cover several acres in this manner.
    • Ficus benghalensis, family Moraceae
    More example sentences
    • The monument is a massive flagpole entwined with the trunk and branches of a symbolic banyan tree forged in steel.
    • Then it scampered off up the aerial roots of a nearby banyan tree.
    • A porter stops to rest under the shade of a huge banyan tree, its trunk twisting out of the earth and its umbrella-like branches arching over a granite stairway.

Origin

late 16th century: from Portuguese, from Gujarati vāṇiyo 'man of the trading caste', from Sanskrit. Originally denoting a Hindu trader or merchant, the term was applied by Europeans in the mid 17th century to a particular tree under which such traders had built a pagoda.

More definitions of banyan

Definition of banyan in:

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day kerf
Pronunciation: kərf
noun
a slit made by cutting with a saw