Definition of boreal in English:


Syllabification: bo·re·al
Pronunciation: /ˈbôrēəl


  • 1Of the North or northern regions.
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    • The alleged bureaucratic ubiquity of the Teutonic world is not really being treated as conditional on the truth of a contingent claim about those hardy Boreal nomads of the Arctic.
    • It is apparently absent from Triassic faunas of northeastern Asia and the Boreal region, and until now has not been reported from the Triassic of the Americas.
    • There is some disagreement about stratigraphic nomenclature and correlations between the Boreal and Tethyan faunal realms across the Jurassic-Cretaceous boundary.
  • 1.1 Ecology Relating to or characteristic of the climatic zone south of the Arctic, especially the cold temperate region dominated by taiga and forests of birch, poplar, and conifers: northern boreal forest
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    • Moose and caribou share the region's tundra and boreal forests with arctic foxes, wolves, lynx, and black bears.
    • The Siberian northern boreal forests, called Taiga, where the fires were burning are mainly spruce and fir trees.
    • The temperate and boreal forests along with the arctic tundra of these four provinces are extremely fragile.
  • 1.2 (Boreal) Botany Relating to or denoting a phytogeographical kingdom comprising the arctic and temperate regions of Eurasia and North America.
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    • This, following the current views on molecular evolution, may have been a separate benthic-planktic transition in Boreal latitudes; Compactogerina is currently only known from Northern Russia and the south of the UK.
    • Eriophorum spp. are abundant perennial graminoids in the Arctic tundra and boreal peatlands.


late Middle English: from late Latin borealis, from Latin Boreas, denoting the god of the north wind, from Greek.

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