Definition of bourgeoisie in English:

bourgeoisie

Syllabification: bour·geoi·sie
Pronunciation: /ˌbo͝orZHwäˈzē
 
/

noun

(usually the bourgeoisie)
  • 1The middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes.
    More example sentences
    • The legacy of Stalinism has been to create massive confusion in the former-Soviet working class, which has enabled the national bourgeoisies to re-establish themselves on the same lines as in 1920.
    • The creation of these states with their rival bourgeoisies only served to divide the powerful working class of the sub-continent and subjugate them to the dictates of finance capital.
    • To offset these dangers, the UN brought together three basic forces - the imperialist powers, led by the US; the Stalinist bureaucracy in the USSR; and the national bourgeoisies in the colonial and economically backward countries.
  • 1.1(In Marxist contexts) the capitalist class who own most of society’s wealth and means of production.
    More example sentences
    • That means that in capitalist economies the bourgeoisie will be the ruling class.
    • The working class cannot rely on the corrupt and reactionary bourgeoisie to defend democratic rights or oppose fascism.
    • Whatever the referendum result, the bourgeoisie will press ahead with its offensive against the working class.

Origin

early 18th century: French, from bourgeois.

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