Definition of Caddoan in English:

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Pronunciation: /ˈkadōən/


Relating to or denoting a group of American Indian peoples formerly inhabiting the Midwest, or their languages.
Example sentences
  • Custis was free to observe Creek ceremonies and Caddoan customs and skills (their talents with the bow put him in mind of stories from the Iliad) and to post a twenty-six-specimen botanical collection downriver.
  • Thus the Mississippian embraces a wide range of essentially localized groups: the Middle Mississippian, Fort Ancient, South Appalachian Mississippian, Plaquemine Mississippian, Caddoan Mississippian, and the Oneota.
  • The paste composition relationships of different Caddoan vessel forms and the conclusions of both the petrographic and neutron activation analyses indicate that the Mockingbird ceramics are the product of a local group.


1A member of any of the Caddoan peoples.
Example sentences
  • Like other Caddoans, both groups had a mixed economy with farming and buffalo hunting being important.
  • For example, the Osage, Pawnee, Arikaras, Mandans, Wichitas, and Caddoans remained in permanent farming settlements.
  • The Pawnees, Wichitas, and perhaps other Caddoans owned the plains-country, and their possessions reached to within a few miles of the Missouri, especially in Kansas.
2The family of languages spoken by the Caddoan peoples, which includes Pawnee and may be related to Siouan and Iroquoian.


From Caddo (a language of this family) kaduhdacu, denoting a band belonging to this group, + -an.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: Cad·do·an

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