Definition of calcite in English:

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calcite

Pronunciation: /ˈkalˌsīt/

noun

A white or colorless mineral consisting of calcium carbonate. It is a major constituent of sedimentary rocks such as limestone, marble, and chalk, can occur in crystalline form (as in Iceland spar), and may be deposited in caves to form stalactites and stalagmites.
Example sentences
  • Quartz is the dominant mineral in veins in siliceous rocks, calcite in limestones, and gypsum in gypsiferous sediments.
  • Other than clay minerals, calcite and pyrite are the most common secondary minerals present.
  • Matrix minerals of the septaria are ferroan dolomite, quartz, calcite, and pyrite.

Derivatives

calcitic

Pronunciation: /kalˈsitik/
adjective
Example sentences
  • Concretions, which were originally calcitic, are either weathered out or now contain epidote as a cement.
  • Some of the most attractively preserved fossils are the yellow and brown calcitic moulds of ammonites that are characteristic of calcareous concretions.
  • The remaining carbonate bioclasts are exclusively calcitic echinoid spines, rare foraminifera, molluscs and bryozoan fragments.

Origin

Mid 19th century: coined in German from Latin calx, calc- 'lime' (see calx).

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: cal·cite

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