Definition of cancel in English:

cancel

Syllabification: can·cel
Pronunciation: /ˈkansəl
 
/

verb (cancels, canceling, canceled ; British cancelling, cancelled)

[with object]
1Decide or announce that (an arranged or planned event) will not take place: he was forced to cancel his visit
More example sentences
  • Great Yorkshire Show organisers have denied any plans to cancel this year's event because of the foot and mouth crisis.
  • It was then decided in 2001 to cancel these annual events completely.
  • All political parties have decided to cancel all debate on the euro, but to proceed with the referendum.
Synonyms
call off, abandon, scrap, drop, ax, scrub, nix
1.1Annul or revoke (a formal arrangement which is in effect): his visa had been canceled
More example sentences
  • The bank had agreed to keep the accounts separate, and if it wished to cancel this arrangement in view of the changed circumstances, it had to give notice to the customer.
  • You can cancel the arrangement at any time should your circumstances change.
  • Jefri would cancel the tender process if he found that companies were being manipulated by legislative council members.
Synonyms
annul, invalidate, nullify, declare null and void, void;
Law vacate
1.2Abolish or make void (a financial obligation): I intend to cancel your debt to me
More example sentences
  • Insurance underwriters have given notice that they will cancel war liabilities from midnight on Monday.
  • Faced with two debtors, neither of whom could repay the loan, the creditor decided to cancel both obligations.
  • Finally, the above classifications relate to promissory conditions but there may also be contingent conditions which either suspend or cancel contractual liability.
1.3Mark, pierce, or tear (a ticket, check, or postage stamp) to show that it has been used or invalidated: [as adjective]: canceled checks
More example sentences
  • The check is then canceled and returned to the buyer.
2(Of a factor or circumstance) neutralize or negate the force or effect of (another): the electric fields may cancel each other out
More example sentences
  • Within two minutes the goal was cancelled out in extraordinary circumstances.
  • The only way in which the form of the laws of motion can remain the same for all observers in arbitrary accelerated motion relative to one another is if the gravitational force field exists to cancel them out.
  • I popped my head on the pillow early last night, feeling tired and jaded, and hoping that the negatives of the day would be cancelled out by a good night's sleep.
Synonyms
negate, nullify, wipe out
2.1 Mathematics Delete (an equal factor) from both sides of an equation or from the numerator and denominator of a fraction.
More example sentences
  • If both the numerator and denominator have common factors, then we can cancel these factors out.
  • All of the numerators will be factors of the numerator of the product and all of the denominators will be factors of the denominator of the product, so you can cancel out any factor of anything in a numerator with any factor of anything in a denominator.
  • Just as numbers cancel out when the same number is on the top and bottom of a fraction (2/2 = 2 ÷ 2 = 1), so do units cancel out if you have the same unit in the numerator and denominator.

noun

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1A mark made on a postage stamp to show that it has been used.
2 Printing A new page or section inserted in a book to replace the original text, typically to correct an error: [as modifier]: a cancel title page
More example sentences
  • He had followed exactly the same practice with the revised text of Winter and created the same effect by reissuing copies of Summer with a cancel title.

Origin

late Middle English (in the sense 'obliterate or delete writing by drawing or stamping lines across it'): from Old French canceller, from Latin cancellare, from cancelli 'crossbars'.

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