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candle

Syllabification: can·dle
Pronunciation: /ˈkandl
 
/

Definition of candle in English:

noun

1A cylinder or block of wax or tallow with a central wick that is lit to produce light as it burns.
Example sentences
  • Light candles and burn oils to create a restful and tranquil environment.
  • She produces a lighter and the single candle on the table flickers into life alongside the vase of white flowers
  • Winstanley climbed up to the lantern and lit a dozen tallow candles.
Synonyms
taper, votive (candle), pillar (candle), tea light
archaic glim
1.1 (also international candle) Physics A unit of luminous intensity, superseded by the candela.
Example sentences
  • The intensity of a 60-watt lamp is very nearly 60 candles.
  • The unit of light intensity in the USA, England and France is the international candle.
  • The abscissae give the brilliance measured in international candles per square millimetre.

verb

[with object] Back to top  
(Of a poultry breeder) test (an egg) for freshness or fertility by holding it to the light.
Example sentences
  • He candled the eggs - checking them against a flame for defects - and took deliveries, but left grammar school with no wish to join the business.
  • We found nests during incubation, and estimated the hatching date by candling eggs.
  • Eggs were candled to determine incubation stage, and laying dates were calculated by backdating.

Origin

Old English candel, from Latin candela, from candere 'be white or glisten'.

More
  • Old English candel came from Latin candela, from candere ‘to be white, shine, glisten’ ( compare candid). From the same source comes chandelier (mid 18th century) from Old French chandelier which also gave Middle English chandler, originally a candle maker or seller. A person who cannot hold a candle to someone else is nowhere near as good as them. In the past an assistant might stand next to his superior with a candle to provide light to work by, and so the idea of holding a candle to someone became synonymous with helping them as a subordinate or in a menial way. Not worth the candle originated as a translation of the French phrase le jeu ne vaut pas la chandelle, ‘the game is not worth the candle’. The ‘game’ was a game of cards involving betting, and would not be worth playing if the expense of candles to provide light was more than the expected winnings.

Phrases

be unable to hold a candle to

1
informal Be not nearly as good as: nobody in the final could hold a candle to her
More example sentences
  • At that time, Ric couldn't hold a candle to what they were doing.
  • He dropped out of school at 16 because books couldn't hold a candle to golf and began studying visiting professionals.
  • I'd return the favor but you know I couldn't hold a candle to you.

Derivatives

candler

1
Pronunciation: /ˈkandlər, -dl-ər/
noun
Example sentences
  • Eggs to be examined for hatching success were candled by using a portable candler at both the mid-stage and late-stage of parental incubation to determine embryo developmental stage and viability.
  • An egg candler can be purchased, or a flashlight can be used.
  • In previous studies of waterfowl, we used field candlers to age embryos in eggs because candlers are a rapid, simple, and accurate method.

Words that rhyme with candle

Coromandel, dandle, Handel, handle, mishandle, Randall, sandal, scandal, vandal

Definition of candle in:

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