Definition of capsicum in English:

capsicum

Syllabification: cap·si·cum
Pronunciation: /ˈkapsikəm
 
/

noun (plural capsicums)

  • 1A tropical American pepper plant of the nightshade family with fruits containing many seeds. Many cultivated varieties with edible, pungent fruits have been developed.
    • Genus Capsicum, family Solanaceae: several species and varieties, in particular C. annuum variety annuum, the cultivated forms of which include the ‘grossum’ group (sweet peppers) and the ‘longum’ group (chili peppers)
    More example sentences
    • Chrysanthemum, capsicum, salvia and petunia plants have higher stem elongation rates during the night than during the day.
    • The plant is a member of the family Solanaceae and therefore a relation of the New World capsicum peppers and potato, and of the Old World aubergine.
    • Spinach, tomatoes, capsicums and those sort of plants will wilt badly in summer if they have nematodes.
  • 1.1The fruit of any of the capsicum plants, varying in size, color, and pungency.
    More example sentences
    • After a week or so, they turn from the colours of capsicums - green, yellow or red - to the brown that we recognise.
    • The king of the capsicums is poblano, an only mildly hot chilli - pepper as big as two morning rolls.
    • For the main course, I had the sekuwa chatpate prawns with capsicum, chillies, lemon and chat masala.

Origin

late 16th century: modern Latin, perhaps from Latin capsa (see case2).

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