A small mass of receptors in the carotid artery sensitive to chemical change in the blood.
- Normally, when oxygen levels drop, the carotid body tells the nervous system that blood pressure must rise to deliver more oxygen to compensate for the shortfall.
- De Castro documented that the carotid body contained type I and II cells and sensory nerve endings.
- Enlargement of the carotid body is commonly found in cases of primary hypertension.
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