Share this entry

Share this page

cartilage

Syllabification: car·ti·lage
Pronunciation: /ˈkärdlij
 
/

Definition of cartilage in English:

noun

1Firm, whitish, flexible connective tissue found in various forms in the larynx and respiratory tract, in structures such as the external ear, and in the articulating surfaces of joints. It is more widespread in the infant skeleton, being replaced by bone during growth.
Example sentences
  • The human body has a dynamic framework of bone and cartilage called the skeleton.
  • Normally, the ball moves smoothly in its socket on a lining of shock-absorbing cartilage.
  • The shape of the nose is defined by shadows as the skin moves over cartilage and bone.
1.1A particular structure made of cartilage.
Example sentences
  • His liver, both his kidneys, his heart valves, cartilages, skin and tendons were transplanted in operations which helped more than 30 people.
  • Early reconstruction is advisable to avoid likelihood of damage to the cartilages of knee and osteo-arthritis.
  • The cranial skeleton is composed of an assortment of cartilages and bones that have been highly modified during evolution.

Origin

late Middle English: from French, from Latin cartilago, cartilagin-.

Derivatives

cartilaginoid

1
Pronunciation: /ˌkärtlˈajəˌnoid/
adjective
Example sentences
  • The menisci are two pads of cartilaginous tissue which serve to disperse friction.
  • The skeletons of most cartilaginous fish did not fossilize at all.

Words that rhyme with cartilage

ensilagemucilage

Definition of cartilage in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day resilient
Pronunciation: rəˈzilyənt
adjective
able to recoil or spring back into shape…