A soldier in full armor.
- Roman cataphracts wore similar armour from the second century ad, and transmitted the tradition of armouring arms and legs to the heaviest units of the Byzantine cavalry.
- However, its importance should not be overemphasized, for very effective heavy cavalry - notably the cataphracts of the Byzantine empire - had coped well without it.
- Defensively the cataphracts would protect the Roman flanks and rear from enemy cavalry attacks, both by arrow volleys and close range combat.
Late 17th century: via Latin from Greek kataphraktos 'clothed in full armor'.
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