A swelling in the brain caused by the presence of excessive fluid.
- In contrast, cerebral edema was present in 4 of 10 fatal cases in the Paris series (although in 2, septic shock was a confounder), and in 1 there was herniation.
- However, some patients may present with cerebral edema before treatment is started.
- In severe cases, the mistaken treatment of an overhydrated patient with intravenous fluids can be life threatening, resulting in cerebral edema and death.
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