1A member of an ancient people who lived in Chaldea circa 800 bc and ruled Babylonia 625–539 bc. They were renowned as astronomers and astrologers.
- These groups included the Babylonians, Assyrians, Chaldeans, Persians, Greeks, and Romans.
- The ancient Chaldeans and Assyrians engaged in astrological divination some 3,000 years ago.
- Elsewhere in the text, Solomon is even more precise concerning the Chaldeans / Babylonians and their rebellion against God at Babel and Shinar.
2The Semitic language of the ancient Chaldeans.
- It is understood that as a boy he had also taught himself, or tried to learn, Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Chaldean and Chinese.
- Take the case of Silvestre de Sacy who knew Hebrew, Syriac, Chaldean, Arabic, Persian and Turkish and was to hold significant teaching and administrative positions within the French education system.
- As a boy, he also taught himself to read Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Chaldean and Chinese, and he would later add Coptic, Ethiopic, Sanskrit, Zend, Pahlevi and Persian.
2.1A language related to Aramaic and spoken in parts of Iraq.
- Early immigrants maintain their ancestral Chaldean / Aramaic language, but more recent immigrants speak Arabic.
- They were permitted to retain their historic rituals and the Chaldean/Aramaic language for mass and other ceremonies.
- In fact, few immigrants know Chaldean at all.
3A member of a Syrian Uniate (formerly Nestorian) Church based mainly in Iran and Iraq.
- About 80% of Iraqi Christians are Chaldeans or Uniate Catholics.
- Other churches, the Chaldean and the Church of the East, pushed for the vernacular.
- In 1551 some Nestorians joined the Roman Catholic Church and became Chaldeans.
1Relating to ancient Chaldea or its people or language.
- Iraqi crowds are pictured outside an ancient Chaldean monastery in the Baghdad suburb of Al Doura on Sunday.
- It was during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar in the Chaldean dynasty in Babylon that the circle was divided into 360 degrees.
- We have some hints of the brocaded vesture of the priests both from Ezra and Exodus 28, which contains dreams of how it must have been before the Chaldean onslaught brought the Temple down.
2Relating to the East Syrian Uniate Church.
- ‘Yesterday and today I prayed for peace,’ said Father Boutros Hadad at the Chaldean Virgin Mary Church in Baghdad.
- Police reported a fourth explosion in Baghdad, outside a Chaldean Catholic church in the east of the city.
- There were no injuries, but extensive damage was done to an Armenian and an old Chaldean church.
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