Definition of chiral in English:

chiral

Syllabification: chi·ral
Pronunciation: /ˈkīrəl
 
/

adjective

Chemistry
  • Asymmetric in such a way that the structure and its mirror image are not superimposable. Chiral compounds are typically optically active; large organic molecules often have one or more chiral centers where four different groups are attached to a carbon atom.
    More example sentences
    • Most alkaloids are also chiral molecules, meaning they have nonsuperimposable mirror images.
    • The resulting chiral nematic giant liquid crystals had wide temperature ranges for their liquid crystal phases, from room temperature to about 80° Celsius.
    • The most common examples of chiral molecules are enantiomers.

Derivatives

chirality

Pronunciation: /kīˈralitē/
noun
More example sentences
  • Such isomers are called enantiomers and molecules that have enantiomers are said to be chiral or to show chirality.
  • All of this is achieved without switching the chirality of the catalyst.
  • The technique might also be used to template the growth of complex molecular structures with novel architecture and chirality.

Origin

late 19th century: from Greek kheir 'hand' + -al.

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