Share this entry

Share this page

chlamydia

Syllabification: chla·myd·i·a
Pronunciation: /kləˈmidēə
 
/

Definition of chlamydia in English:

noun (plural same or chlamydiae /-ˈmidēˌē/)

A very small parasitic bacterium that, like a virus, requires the biochemical mechanisms of another cell in order to reproduce. Bacteria of this type cause various diseases including trachoma, psittacosis, and nonspecific urethritis.
  • Genus Chlamydia and order Chlamydiales
Example sentences
  • For example, if the herpes virus or chlamydia bacteria get into the eye, the symptoms tend to be more severe and last longer.
  • Several other organisms such as mycoplasma or chlamydia also can cause pneumonia.
  • Because chlamydiae are bacteria, antibiotics can thwart the infections they produce.

Origin

1960s: modern Latin (plural), from Greek khlamus, khlamud- 'cloak'.

Derivatives

chlamydial

1
adjective
Example sentences
  • In addition to the usual common cold viruses, chlamydial pneumonia and herpes simplex virus infections may play a role in exacerbations of bronchospasm in patients with and without asthma.
  • The evidence is inconclusive, however, about whether condoms can prevent genital herpes, syphilis, chancroids, chlamydial infection, trichomoniasis, or gonorrhea (in women).
  • The patient's medical history was notable for multiple unusual infections, including balanitis, chlamydial conjunctivitis, multiple episodes of pneumonia, and upper respiratory tract infections.

Definition of chlamydia in:

Share this entry

Share this page

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove ads and access premium resources

Word of the day boscage
Pronunciation: ˈbäskij
noun
massed trees or shrubs