Definition of chloramphenicol in English:

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chloramphenicol

Pronunciation: /ˌklôramˈfenəˌkôl/
Pronunciation: /ˌklôramˈfenəˌkōl/

noun

Medicine
An antibiotic used against serious infections such as typhoid fever.
Example sentences
  • Recently, emerging strains of enterococci have acquired resistance to erythromycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, fluoroquinolones, and vancomycin.
  • This strain was resistant to methicillin, cephalothin, gentamicin, erythromycin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline.
  • Gentamicin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol and fluoroquinolones are alternative treatments.

Origin

1940s: from chloro- (representing chlorine) + am(ide) + pheno- + ni(tro-) + (gly)col.

For editors and proofreaders

Syllabification: chlo·ram·phen·i·col

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