1Either of the two elected lay representatives in an Anglican parish, formally responsible for movable church property and for keeping order in church.
- Villagers played an essential role in the upkeep of the local church and its property, which was handled by churchwardens on the parish council (fabrique).
- Until 1571 churchwardens were elected by the whole parish, and after that time it was usual for the parish to elect one warden and the minister the other.
- Nor would churchwardens have released parish funds to ‘repair the Giant’ in 1694 unless it was regarded as part of the local heritage; it must have been regarded then as an antiquity and cannot have been made within living memory.
1.1US A church administrator.
- He obtained the right to consult the churchwardens' accounts, as well as those of the administrators of the goods and revenues of the poor.
- Ronald Hutton's examination of parochial documents, primarily churchwardens ' accounts, led him to conclude that a flourishing and popular pre-Reformation church was destroyed by government policy.
- There is nothing here that will be new to historians in the field, but it provides a good general introduction to the problems and possibilities of churchwardens ' accounts in general, and these accounts in particular.
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