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chyme

Syllabification: chyme
Pronunciation: /kīm
 
/

Definition of chyme in English:

noun

Physiology
The pulpy acidic fluid that passes from the stomach to the small intestine, consisting of gastric juices and partly digested food.
Example sentences
  • The rate of emptying of chyme from the stomach varies with the composition of the meal.
  • The mixture of gastric secretions, saliva, and food, known collectively as chyme, moves to the small intestine.
  • The body of the stomach produces acid and has a muscular digestive function for mixing chyme.

Origin

late Middle English: from late Latin chymus, from Greek khūmos 'juice' (compare with chyle). The Greek words khūlos and khūmos are from the same root and more or less identical in sense; however, khūlos came to be used for juice in a raw or natural state, khūmos for juice produced by decoction or digestion.

Derivatives

chymous

1
Pronunciation: /ˈkīməs/
adjective
Example sentences
  • When solid food becomes chymous (ie, liquid in consistency), it passes through the pyloric sphincter into the duodenum.

Definition of chyme in:

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